DIY木工教程 - 使用木工车床制作枫木烛台完整过程(教程)




一个非常赞的木工制作教程,非常的详细,原本想翻译了,连资料都找了不少。

但又想,制作这个木烛台,需要用到车床,很多人没有,翻译便没有了价值。

干脆就不翻译了,从Youtube下载了视频,将完整的图片搬了过来,就当做是欣赏一个木工烛台的制作完整过程吧,一样的赏心悦目!



制作过程视频:



第一步:材料和工具

The materials I used...


- a 5X5X3 block of osage orange I payed something like $14 for at Rockwell (looking to find a better source for stock material on future turning projects)

- large size tea light candles from IKEA. (diameter = 2 1/4'', 9 hour burn time)

- pharmaceutical mineral oil (from Walgreens)

- clear paste wax (Treewax brand)

- sandpaper up to 600 grit

- paper towels


The equipment I used...


- Bandsaw (Tech Shop's)

- Powermatic 4224B Wood Lathe (TS's)

- Barracuda 2 Key Chuck System (TS's)

- Harbor Freight Chisel Set (TS's)

- Robert Sorby 3/8'' Bowl Gouge (my very own)




















Step 2: Preparing the stock

Before I started turning, I marked the center of my stock and used the band saw too cut it down to an octagon. Osage orange is pretty dense and tough, so cutting through 3 inches of it was pretty gnarly. No problems, just had to take it slow.







Step 3: Roughing out the workpiece, mid-project design evaluation

I mounted my now octagon shaped hunk of wood between centers and went to town with a large roughing gouge. Again, osage orange = dense wood, so I took it slow. Once I had a nice even cylindrical shape, I took it off the lathe to see how much material I had to work with. The proportions of my stock seemed a bit different from what Carl Jacobson works with in the video I was using as my guide, so to figure out the necessary adjustments and finalize my design I laid the candle on my roughed out cylinder and stared at it for a while.













Step 4: Admire the beauty of osage orange wood chips


I couldn't get over the color of these wood chips. I was disappointed to discover they do not smell citrusy. A little wikipedia research, and I now know that osage oranges are not closely related to oranges at all.




Step 5: Forming a foot and mounting on the chuck

I wanted to use a chuck to hold my workpiece from one end, allowing me to hollow out a spot for the candle, so I needed to cut a foot on what would become the bottom of the candle holder. I don't have any notes for this step, but I'm pretty sure the chuck called for something like a 2'' diameter foot. I formed the foot so that it was slightly more narrow where the foot meets the cylinder because I read or saw somewhere that doing so gives the chuck a better grip.


The chuck was pretty intuitive to use. I placed the foot into the jaws, then tightened them by using the tightening levers to rotate the two collars (not sure that's the technical term) in opposing directions.












Step 6: Shaping the top and sides, making a hollow for the candle


(maybe just look at the pictures, but i'll do my best to explain below)


I used a roughing gouge and scraper to round off the corners on the top of the candle holder. I made the hollow for the candle by starting with the bowl gouge, then flatting the sides and bottom of the hole with a scraper. 


At some point I had a catch, putting a large gash in my nascent candle holder and sending it flying out of the chuck. After wiping my brow, I got back to work and smoothed out the spot where my chisel caught. I think doing so actually improved the shape of candle holder. I rounded out the shape all the way down to around the bottom of the candle holder.
























Step 7: Sand and finish the top


I finished the top before shaping the bottom. I sanded from 220 up to 600 with a mix of clear paste wax and mineral oil in equal part. Between grits, I used paper towels while the lathe was running to wipe away the gunky mixture of wood dust, wax, and oil. The paper towels also are good for buffing up the finish once you're done sanding.










Step 8: Flip it over, shape and finish the bottom


To work on the bottom, I mounted the candle holder on the chuck by placing the jaws inside the hollow for the candle and expanding them. This didn't mar the hollow for the candle, and if it had it would be hidden anyway. 


I shaped the bottom so that is slightly concave and sits on it's outside edge. This shape makes the candle holder nice and stable, and I think it gives it a nice feel in your hands. Sanding and finishing procedure was the same as for the top.












Step 9: Optional: consider laser engraving your finished project, then decide against it


I have a tendency to want to laser cut/engrave everything (this seems to be a common affliction at Tech Shop). So, done turning for the day, I applied finish to one of my offcuts and experimented a little with laser engraving the material. For some reason I didn't take a picture of the results, but it worked pretty well. Even so, I didn't have any particularly inspiring design ideas, and I decided to leave the candle holder with a natural look... at least for now.




Step 10: Light a candle and admire your work


Burning candles in your house will make you a classy person. It's true! My tea light candle holder now sits in a prominent position on my living room coffee table and has gotten lots of love from visitors in my home.





标签: 木工 木碗 烛台
关于作者
西渡 有些鸟注定是关不住的,因为它的每一片羽毛都散发出自由的光芒。
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    木工果然是很奢侈的项目
    2014-03-03 20:21
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    @菲羽 你说的是车床?
    2014-03-04 15:42
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    那个车床 让人流口水啊
    2014-03-05 11:44
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    我感觉手工刻出来的一刀一刀有痕迹的更吸引人,这些机械加工的,太完美了,不自然的感觉。
    2014-03-07 14:02
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    @愚拙 有车床,也没地方放。
    2014-03-09 21:51
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    @一地鸡毛 木工还是要借助很多机械的工具。
    2014-03-09 21:51
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    木料,车床,各种工具,都是烧钱额玩意,玩不起啊~~
    2014-03-31 23:42
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    @子染创意工作室 车床弄台小的话,不是很贵。
    2014-04-01 10:32
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    喜欢木工 哇哈哈哈 只是现在还没到时候。将来退休了没事做。木工绝对是退休时候的养老项目。
    2014-06-20 10:59
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    @笑三下 退休不适合手工,还是养花鸟虫鱼,钓鱼什么的比较好
    2014-06-20 15:40
  • {{ comment.commentator.username
    敢问一下那个车床要多少rmb
    2015-05-31 16:25
  • 阿辛

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